Significant amendments were made to the Taiwan National Sports Act on August 31, 2017, and such amendments were enacted on September 20, 2017. While having a similar culture and sports scene as Taiwan, Japan was several steps ahead and overhauled its Sports Promotion Act in June 2011. Japan’s Sports Promotion Act had since been renamed as the Basic Act on Sports and become the foundation for regulating all sports related matters in Japan. The Basic Act on Sports includes various clauses stipulating that central and local public organizations shall work together with sports organization, businesses, research institutes and charity groups. As such, this article will begin with brief introductions to the newly amended Taiwan National Sports Act and Japan’s Basic Act on Sports; and then based upon the Japanese perspective, particularly in terms of the legislative standpoints and the public-private cooperation under the Basic Act on Sports, some suggestions will be proposed with respect to the amended Taiwan National Sports Act in the hopes of providing some references to the future development of sports laws and research in Taiwan.